Exciting Anthropological information in ancient Greek Myths!

In this article we are going to analyze two references from antiquity, which probably answer some modern problematics on the matter of Human Evolution and Human Migration. There is some evidence already confirming the Ancient Greeks, so please check our publications on the Archeology – Paleontology – Ancient Greece section.

Apollodoros delivers: «From Niovi and Zeus –she was the first mortal woman he mated with- were born Argos, as Acousilaos says, and Pelasgos, from whom the inhabitants of Peloponissos were named Pelasgoi». «Acousilaos says that Argos was born of the earth (γηγενής) »

NovoScriptorium: Obviously, no ‘god’ mated with any mortal woman. This is said though with the purpose of demonstrating some divine or noble ancestry together with oldness. There existed though historical persons, old and quite a few, with the name ‘Zeus’ (in the so called ‘mythological ages’), whose stories were unified much later as stories of one and only person, and additionally, a deified person.

Independently of which approach applies here, we see that Argos and Pelasgos are brothers. Argos is called ‘γηγενής’ (gegenes), meaning ‘born of the Earth’, indicating he was a native and not an immigrant from elsewhere. The word ‘argos’ means ‘white’, ‘ablaze’, ‘resplendent’. The word ‘pelasgos’ means the ‘neighbouring’ or, if we accept Platon’s explanation of the word, means ‘migratory’. They were born from a common uterus (same mother) says the myth, and their cradle was Peloponnisos (their father was Zeus, the highest god. Could it have theological meaning here? Created by god?).

This is only one of the very old Greek myths claiming that white man first appeared in Peloponnisos, at an unknown old age. Of course, from there people at some point began to spread! The spread populations were named ‘Pelasgoi’. The cultural and ethnological affinity of the so called ‘prehistoric’ populations archeologists happen to find in various sites, in Europe and the Mediterranean, is actually expected (no surprise!) if one takes in consideration what the ‘prehistoric’ people themselves claimed on the matter.

Clemes delivers: «In the times of Foroneus, who was after Inachos, the Cataclysm of Ogigos is placed in Hellas and so is the beginning of Kingship in Sikyona with Aigialeus as first king, Europos as second and Telchin as third. At the same era the reign of Cretas in Crete began. Because Acousilaos claims that Foroneus was the first human to be (πρώτον άνθρωπον γενέσθαι) ».

NovoScriptorium: In the way this is written, we obviously have either a contradiction due to a mistake in phrasing, either we receive the outstanding information that Inachos was NOT a human in the shape we know it. More likely, the transition from one human species to the next is implied here. This is well certified from modern Anthropology that actually happened at some point in time. But here, we may have one of the very few almost simultaneous to the fact human recordings that it did happen! This would mean ability to record facts. And recording facts demands language, at least oral language, if not written too. Here we have a reference to the Cataclysm of Ogygos, which is different to the Cataclysm of Deukalion! It must be realized that the Greeks recorded not only one Cataclysm (that the majority of the world’s ancient peoples have recorded) but a second one as well, which is even older! The word ‘ωγύγιον’ (ogygion) was used by the Greeks of the classical era to define ‘the very old’, it was a synonymous for the ‘very old’. So, Hellas, Sikyon and Crete were not only inhabited in those ‘ogygia’ years, but they had organized states with Kingship as well. So, ‘Civilisation’, according to them, the ancients, dates back much further than ‘modern historians/archeologists’ claim and teach.

Isidoros Aggelos


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