Did you know: Partial drainage of lake Kopais (Greece) was achieved by the Myceneans during the 2nd millenium B.C.

Here we present the ‘Abstract‘ of two scientific papers on the matter. We invite the reader to think how developed was actually the Ancient Greek Civilization at the time of the Myceneans.

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People who owned such knowledge (obviously; mathematics, physics, engineering, hydraulics, statics, architecture, etc.) to perform such deeds, should be capable of many more. We have already posted some articles on specific (officially published) finds -like the Sealstone of Pylos– which are, to say the least, ‘provoking’, and confirm that the technological level of the Myceneans was extremely high, definetly higher than thought by modern man. We also have to add that, once again, the numerous archeological finds of the last 150 years confirmed, confirm, and we bet that they will continue confirming, Ancient Greek Mythology.

Most people ignore the fact that Aristoteles himself -among other ancient Greek prevailing figures- considered Mythology as ‘the very ancient History of Greeks‘. Whenever archeologists and researchers trusted Greek Mythology they came up with big discoveries (Troy, Myceane, Knossos, etc.). We do not believe that modern scientists, or whoever else, could know better the story -the ancient Greek Tradition- than the ones who lived it as an indispensable part of their culture.

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First Paper

The operation of ancient reclamation works at Lake Copais in Greece“, by Mamassis N., S. Moustakas and N. Zarkadoulas

Abstract

Water has been playing a vital role in Greeks’ life during their long history. Ancient Greek societies were very active towards water management, having presented an impressive variety of hydraulic works. The main purpose of this paper is to represent the operation of one of the most ancient and extended hydraulic works. The drainage project of Lake Copais (is located in Central Greece) was developed and operated by Minyans, a powerful Mycenaean race. Minyans, partially diverted two large rivers which fed the lake. The water was conveyed towards labyrinthine natural sinkholes, which were formed in limestone terrain. Through sinkholes the water slowly discharged to the sea. This impressive ancient water management system of Copais has gained the attention of many scientists and has been extensively studied by archaeologists and engineers. Still important questions exist about the way that the hydrosystem worked. Trying to provide some reliable answers, we have attempted to study the Minyans’ interventions to hydrosystem, from a hydraulics engineers’ perspective. All the available archeological, hydrological and geological information of the area was used, to evaluate the operation of the hydrosystem. The main elements of the hydrosystem, are presented here and their purpose is examined. For this, (i) a water balance model was developed and (ii) the hydrosystem was simulated using synthetic time series of the hydrological processes. Several operational cases were examined in order to define critical parameters of the system, such as the Copais’ water level variation and the water accumulation at the sinkholes’ area. The analysis reveals some significant factors, which were combined with the archaeological findings, to lead us to some interesting conclusions for hydrosystem’s performance.

(link: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273640660_The_operation_of_ancient_reclamation_works_at_Lake_Copais_in_Greece)

Second Paper

The Mycenaean drainage works of north Kopais, Greece: a new project incorporating surface surveys, geophysical research and excavation“, by E. Kountouri , N. Petrochilos , N. Liaros , V. Oikonomou , D. Koutsoyiannis , N. Mamassis , N. Zarkadoulas , A. Vött , H. Hadler , P. Henning , T. Willershäuser

Abstract

The attempt to drain the Kopais Lake was one of the most impressive and ambitious technical works of prehistoric times in Greece, inspiring myths and traditions referring to its construction and operation. The impressive remnants of the Mycenaean hydraulic works represent the most important land reclamation effort during prehistoric Greek antiquity, thus attracting the attention of the international scientific community. Nevertheless, in spite of the minor or extended contemporary surveys, the picture of the prehistoric drainage works in Kopais has remained ambiguous. Concerning the function of these works and their precise date within the Bronze Age, the proposed theories were based solely on indications from surface survey; data stemming from archaeological or geophysical research methods have been largely neglected. A new interdisciplinary project focusing on the interpretation of the Mycenaean drainage works of Kopais has been established and paper presents the results of the first study season.

(link: https://www.environmental-expert.com/articles/the-mycenaean-drainage-works-of-north-kopais-greece-a-new-project-incorporating-surface-surveys-geop-376332)

 

 

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