Here we present the ‘Abstract‘ of the corresponding paper by Efthymios Rizos.
The deployment of the late Roman army in the provinces and its relationship to the settlement network is a complex problem for both the military historian and the archaeologist. Thanks to the written sources (mainly the Notitia Dignitatum), we are relatively well informed about military administration in the fourth century, but archaeology reveals that the nature of military presence and its interaction with the civilian space was in a state of change and flux. Much more than its early Roman predecessors, the late Roman military relied strongly on cities, whereas its fortresses gradually lost their strict architectural organisation and started to look more like small fortified villages. The convergence between civilian and military forms of settlement and community had serious implications for both the nature of the army and for the character of cities and minor settlements. This paper will discuss these developments, based on the particularly rich archaeological and written evidence of the late antique Balkans.