Here we present the ‘Abstract‘ of the corresponding paper by Marco Peresani, Cesare Ravazzi, Roberta Pini, Davide Margaritora, Arianna Cocilova, Davide Delpiano, Stefano Bertola, Lorenzo Castellano, Fabio Fogliazza, Gabriele Martino, Cristiano Nicosia, Patrick Simon.
The Gravettian settlements of Europe are considered as an expression of human adaptation to harsh climates. In Southern Europe, however, favorable vegetation-climate conditions supported hunters-gatherer subsistence and the maintenance of their large-scale networks. This was also the case of the North-Adriatic plain and the Apennine mountain ridge in Italy. Traditionally considered lacking evidence, the northern part of the Apennine ridge has recently yielded the Early Gravet-tian site of Piovesello, located at 870 m a.s.l. Survey and excavation revealed lithic artifacts in primary position embeddedin loamy sediments. Radiocarbon dating, anthracological and extended palynological and microcharcoal analyses havebeen integrated to reconstruct the palaeoecological context of this camp which was probably positioned above the timber-line in an arid rocky landscape, bounding the fronts of local glaciers close to their maximum expansion at the time of Greenland Stadial (GS) 5 (32.04 – 28.9 ka cal BP). Human activity left ephemeral traces represented by lithic artefacts,charcoal, and the introduction of radiolarites from sources in proximity to the site and of chert from very far western sour-ces. Evidence from Piovesello contributes to the reconstruction of human and vegetation ecology during Late Pleistoceneglaciations and also provides hints for the historical biogeography of petrophytic plants and their orographic relics in the northern Apennine.