NovoScriptorium establishes a new column, “Homeric Studies”. We wish our readers to find it useful and interesting.
From the ancient writers we know that Homer’s work was considered/believed to be ‘a treatise on nature and polity‘.
About the ‘on nature’ part, many studies have already been published in antiquity, demonstrating the allegorical use of names and incidents contained in the various rhapsodies, with various physical interpretations. A characteristic text of this kind, which has been published and can be obtained by the reader, is that of Heraclitus titled ‘Homeric problems‘.
As for the ‘on polity’ matters, Homer seems to be almost inexhaustible.
Our multiannual and systematic study has shown that the Pre-Socratic philosophical currents (i.e., the true Greek philosophy) have their root, basis and reference in Homer’s work. It has been undoubtedly verified that the way of his writing is such that, as the ancient writers insisted, within the same text (depending on how it is read) information on nature, history, theology are contained at the same time.
The values’ organization of the polity could not be missing from such an analysis, subordinated to the above three mental chapters. Because the properly structured polity could not but have the following bases of reference: the divine; from which everything proceeds, nature; in which Man is integrated and hence ought to obey its laws, and History; which teaches the avoidance of the same mistakes but also delivers, at the same time, some inviolable axiomatic rules that must be observed for the polity to survive (the ‘minimum’) and prosper (the ‘maximum’).
The Homeric studies that will be presented from this point and on in NovoScriptorium are governed by this analytical approach.
(by P.D.K. for NovoScriptorium)