Archaeological investigation of neolithic sites at Giannitsa and her surrounding area

Here we present the ‘Abstract‘ of the corresponding paper by Chrysostomou Pavlos & Chrysostomou Panayiotis.


The region of Giannitsa and her surrounding geographical zone, bounded by the lower Haliakmon and Axios rivers and the Bermion and Paiko mountains, is very interesting for the archaeological investigation of Neolithic sites. On the basis of topographical and excavational evidence, the area was densely habitated; 21 Neolithic settlements have been located, and namely 15 in the region of Giannitsa. The settlement Giannitsa B dates to the Early Neolithic period, the settlement of Archontiko of Giannitsa dates to the Middle Neolithic period, while all the rest date to the Late Neolithic period. Their size and period of use vary, while they are divided into two types, the tells and the open settlements on terraces or slopes. Generally, they are found in an altitude below 200 m. A great quantity of Neolithic finds —animal bones, shells, pottery, terracotta figurines, bronze artifacts, loom weights, spindle whorls, andbone and stone implements— were collected during surveys and excavations. Theearliest habitation (Giannitsa B), located at the «Old Market» of Giannitsa, a southern counterpart of Starcevo culture, is related to the settlement of Nea Nikomedeia. Although the Late Neolithic culture is autonomous, relations to Vinca culture and influences from Thessaly and Northeastern Greece are distinguished. In 1990 the excavation was carried out at the building-grounds of J. Christakis and N. Polychronis. Late Byzantine graves and pits dated to the period of Turkish occupation were found in the upper Neolithic layers. A Neolithic wall and part of a V-shaped ditch were discovered in other trenches at different depths. A great quantity of Late Neolithic pottery, stone implements, bones, shells, coins and ceramics of the Late Byzantine period and the times of the Early Turkish occupation were collected. Finally, the research of the second building-ground yielded finds dated to the Late Neolithic and the Early Turkish occupation periods.



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