Neolithic excavation in the city and the area of Giannitsa in 1991

Here we present the ‘Abstract‘ of the corresponding paper by Panayiotis Chrysostomou.


The rescue excavation at the Neolithic settlement of Giannitsa B was continued in 1991. The excavational trenches were carried out at three building-grounds of the southeastern part of the city, in the area of the «Old Market-place». Part of an elliptical house with posts was discovered at the building-ground of G. Gabrielidou, below an archaeological stratum dated to the period of Turkish occupation; the house belongs to the inhabitation phase I of the settlement and dates to the Early Neolithic I Period. A square house with posts belonging to the inhabitation phase II was discovered in a foundation trench. The structure discovered above was very similar to the previous, but belonged to the inhabitation phase III and the stage II of the settlement(Early Neolithic II Period).The Early Neolithic I pottery of the settlement comprised: a) brown-red, brown and black monochrome pots, b) painted pottery with white linear decoration on brown-red surface, c) ceramic with impressed and incised decoration and d) plain pottery. The same ceramic categories are produced in the Early Neolithic II Period, however, the quality of the production and the decoration declined. The trenches at the building-grounds of B. Rallis and A. Moysidis (4×4 and 3x4m.) yielded evidence of the Early Neolithic I and II periods. Excavation was also carried out at the settlement Damiano, while the survey in the area located the Neolithic settlement of Axos. The study of the finds from the settlement of Giannitsa B showed close similarities and differences with the contemporary settlement of Nea Nikomedeia. Close relations to the southern type of Starcevo culture (southeastern Albania and southern Yugoslavia) and less to Thessaly were also revealed. The contacts of the settlement with Thessaly, central and eastern Macedonia and Thrace date to the Late Neolithic period. The size of the settlement of Giannitsa B was probably less than thirty thousand square metres in the Early Neolithic I, while it expanded significantly in the Early Neolithic II. The site was probably deserted in the Middle Neolithic Period and was inhabited again in the Late Neolithic Period. The size during this last period was about fifteen to twenty acres. The settlement was finally deserted in the Early Bronze Age.



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