The neolithic settlement at Yannitsa B’ : new excavational data (1992-3)

Here we present the ‘Abstract‘ of the corresponding paper by Chrysostomou Panayiotis.


Rescue excavations continued in 1992 and 1993 in the Neolithic settlement at Yannitsa B, which is in the area of the Old Market in the SE of the town. During this period, rescue sections were dug in the S perimeter of theNeolithic settlement in land owned by Mr K. Stahtaris, Mr. D. Mamoulakis, and Ms G. Boutaki. On Mr Stahtaris’s land, section I (3.30×3.30 m) was made at the bottom of a very large pit (10×10 m) to a depth of 3 m. The upper layers consisted oflate Byzantine earth fill with large concentrations of unpainted pottery and a certain quantity of sherds of painted and glazed pottery. The Late Neolithic layer, which was located at a depth of 4 m, was 0.7 mthick and contained the typical painted pottery of the period: 1) Diminianpottery, both local and imported; 2) black/brown on red; 3) yellowish on red; and 4) burnished decoration on a black or cream surface. The one-colour categories and the specific details of the pottery are the same as those from other contemporary sites in the area. The Early Neolithic layer below this goes down to 5.20 m, and yielded: one-colour pottery in tones of reddish-brown, brown, black, and cream, painted ware (white on red), and impressed ware. The vessels are chiefly spherical vases, spherical vases with an integral conical neck, hemispherical vases, and low open phiales. The rescue sections (Ψ and I) excavated on Ms Boutaki’s land revealed part of a trench 2.5 m deep and 3 m wide running in an E-W direction. The Neolithic layers that gradually covered it (3.80 m deep) represent three phases, I, II, III, corresponding to the Early, Middle, and Late Neolithic periods respectively. One particularly important feature of this settlement is the appearance for the first time of Middle Neolithic layers, with the categories of painted decoration typical of that period: 1) red on cream; 2) red on pink; 3) blackish-brown on cream; and 4) brown on cream. These layers also yielded some anthropomorphic and zoomorphic figurines and a number of stone and bone tools. Both the Early and Late Neolithic layers produced the same data as the previous sections.



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