Heron of Alexandria (c. 10–85 AD); an experimental scientist and inventor of steam turbines, wind powered machines & automatic vending machines

This post is a short tribute to Heron of Alexandria, one of the pioneers of Technology in Hellenistic times. Continue reading “Heron of Alexandria (c. 10–85 AD); an experimental scientist and inventor of steam turbines, wind powered machines & automatic vending machines”

The ancients knew the Earth is round; the case of Eratosthenes and the first documented measurement of the Earth’s circumference

Eratosthenes was a Greek born in Cyrene in modern-day Libya. As a mathematician, poet, athlete, geographer, astronomer, and music theorist, his vast knowledge made him an ideal fit for the post of librarian at the Museum (Library) of Alexandria. Continue reading “The ancients knew the Earth is round; the case of Eratosthenes and the first documented measurement of the Earth’s circumference”

Ancient Skepticism (Part 5 – End)

4.4 Sextus Empiricus

Sextus’ (ca. 160–210 CE) epithet, Empiricus, indicates that he—at least at some point in his life—belonged to the empiricists, a medical school (on the relationship between medicine and skeptical therapeutic argument, cf. Voelke 1990; cf. Svavarson 2014 for a brief conspectus of Sextus’ philosophy). The empiricist medical school argued against rationalistic tendencies in medicine (Frede 1990; Allen 2010). Rationalism in medicine aims to give causal explanations as a basis for therapies. Continue reading “Ancient Skepticism (Part 5 – End)”

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