Poggetti Vecchi, Tuscany, Italy; evidence of the use of fire for working wooden implements by Neanderthals (∼171,000 years B.P.)

Wooden artifacts were found in the stratified site of Poggetti Vecchi in southern Tuscany (central Italy) that was dated to the final Middle Pleistocene. Continue reading “Poggetti Vecchi, Tuscany, Italy; evidence of the use of fire for working wooden implements by Neanderthals (∼171,000 years B.P.)”

Metal sources and Trade networks in Bronze Age Europe

The Bronze Age was the first long period in human history when widespread trade networks connected Europe and the wider Eurasian continent, defining a pre-modern era of globalization, or, ‘bronzization’. One of the driving forces behind the inter-regional trade was the constant need for metals, and other raw materials and goods available only in certain parts of Europe. Continue reading “Metal sources and Trade networks in Bronze Age Europe”

Intentional tooth removal in Neolithic Italy

The Italian Neolithic (c. 6500-3200 B.C.; Skeates 1994), while not a homogeneous period, displays continuity in many aspects of culture. Social life was based upon small villages of 25-200 people, supported by unintensified agricultural economies. In spite of a rich record of art and burial practices, little is known about gender-related behaviour and ritual practices. Continue reading “Intentional tooth removal in Neolithic Italy”

Bronze Age settlement of Scoglio del Tonno, Apulia, Italy; maritime routes connecting the eastern and central Mediterranean

Scoglio del Tonno is presently part of the urban area of Taranto (Apulia) and is among the most important sites of Bronze Age southern Italy. The period of interest examined here is the local Late Bronze Age (LBA), i.e., the Recent Bronze Age (RBA), ca. 1350-1200 BC, and possibly the earliest part of the Final Bronze Age (FBA), ca. 1200-1000 BC. Continue reading “Bronze Age settlement of Scoglio del Tonno, Apulia, Italy; maritime routes connecting the eastern and central Mediterranean”

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