Wine production in the Early Neolithic South Caucasus

The earliest biomolecular archaeological and archaeobotanical evidence for grape wine and viniculture from the Near East, ca. 6,000–5,800 BC during the early Neolithic Period, was obtained by applying state-of-the-art archaeological, archaeobotanical, climatic, and chemical methods to newly excavated materials from two sites in Georgia in the South Caucasus. Continue reading “Wine production in the Early Neolithic South Caucasus”

Neanderthal populations from different Caucasus regions evidently had strong social connections

Researchers from Russia and the United States analyzed samples of obsidian volcanic glass from various Caucasus’ regions. It turned out that more than 70 thousand years ago, Neanderthals transferred this mineral to distances up to 250 kilometers and used it to manufacture tools. These findings help to understand how populations from different regions communicated in antiquity. Followingly, we present extracts from 3 relative publications. Continue reading “Neanderthal populations from different Caucasus regions evidently had strong social connections”

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