The Trade-Routes between Rome and India – Egypt and the sea-route to India

The great Nile river in a manner unites Egypt to that region of the world which we have called a “waist” of land, and, by way of the Red Sea, the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean are placed geographically close to each other. Continue reading “The Trade-Routes between Rome and India – Egypt and the sea-route to India”

The “New Scipio”; Emperor Heraclius leads his troops further east than any Roman general had ever penetrated – The Nemesis of Chosroes’ blasphemous vanity

Heraclius took over the empire in a state of disorder and confusion. It seemed almost impossible to get things into better order, for resources were wanting. Save Africa and Egypt and the district immediately around the capital, all the provinces were overrun by the the Persian, the Avar, and the Slav. The treasury was empty, and the army had almost disappeared owing to repeated and bloody defeats in Asia Minor. Continue reading “The “New Scipio”; Emperor Heraclius leads his troops further east than any Roman general had ever penetrated – The Nemesis of Chosroes’ blasphemous vanity”

Western Europe gradually passes from the power of the Roman into that of the Teuton

The Visigoths had now obtained a permanent home by the shores of the Atlantic. This final settlement of the Visigoths, who had moved about for twenty years in the three peninsulas of the Mediterranean, was a momentous stage in that process of compromise between the Roman Empire and the Germans which had been going on for many years and was ultimately to change the whole face of western Europe. Constantius was doing in Gaul what Theodosius the Great had done in the Balkans. There were now two orderly Teutonic kingdoms on Gallic soil under Roman lordship, the Burgundian on the Rhine, the Visigothic on the Atlantic. Continue reading “Western Europe gradually passes from the power of the Roman into that of the Teuton”

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