Here we continue presenting names and lives of Orthodox Saints in the West World, Saints of the original and ancient Church. When the Patriarchate of Rome was an Orthodox Patriarchate.
Saint Apollonius the Apologist
+ c 190. A Roman senator, denounced as a Christian by one of his own slaves and condemned to be beheaded. His eloquent defence of Orthodoxy, delivered before the Senate at his trial is a priceless document of the Faith.
Saint Apronia (Evronie)
5th and 6th cent. Born near Trier in Germany, she was the sister of St Aprus (Evre), Bishop of Toul, who made her a nun. She reposed in Troyes in France.
+ c 304. A Roman executioner who was converted to Orthodoxy when taking the martyr St Sisinnius before the tribunal and was then himself martyred.
Saint Aprus (Aper, Apre, Epvre, Evre)
+ 507. Born near Trier in Germany, he became a very able and just lawyer. He gave up this profession to become a priest and in time became Bishop of Toul in France.
Saint Aquila and Saint Priscilla
1st cent. Husband and wife, belonging to the Jewish diaspora, who worked as tentmakers at Rome and were exiled from there with all the other Jews under Claudius. They settled in Corinth, where they received the Apostle Paul into their house (Acts 18,3). Under Nero they returned to Rome and Paul sent greetings to them. A tradition in Rome says that they were martyred there.
Saints Aquilinus, Geminus, Eugene, Marcian, Quintus, Theodotus and Tryphon
c 484. A group of martyrs in North Africa under the Arian Hunneric, King of the Vandals.
+ 650. Born in Bavaria, he fled from the prospect of the episcopate in Cologne, went to Paris and then Milan, preaching against Arianism. He was martyred for this by the Arians. His relics were venerated in Milan in Italy.
+ c 678. Born in Aquitaine in France, he was a hermit in Alsace when King Dagobert II forced him to become Bishop of Strasbourg, where he showed great humility and wisdom. At his own request he was buried in the place set apart for the burial of criminals. A church was soon built over his tomb.
Saints Arcadius, Paschasius, Probus, Eutychian and Paulillus
+ 437. All of these were born in Spain and exiled to Africa by the Vandal Arian King Genseric, where they became the Protomartyrs of the Vandal persecution. Paulillus was only a boy, the little brother of Sts Paschasius and Eutychian.
Saint Aredius (Yrieix, Yriez)
+ 591. Born in Limoges in France, he founded Atane in the Limousin, which was later called after him, as also was the village of Saint Yrieux which grew up around the monastery.
535-604. Bishop of Gap in France for twenty years, he was a fine pastor.
Saint Armagillus (Armel)
+ c 550. Born in the south of Wales, he was a cousin of St Samson. A church in Cornwall was dedicated to him – St Erme. He went to Brittany and founded Saint-Armel-des-Boscheaux and Plou-Ermel (Ploermel).
+ c 451. First Bishop of Antibes in Provence in France. An old church is dedicated to him in Draguignan.
Saint Armogastes and Companions
+ c 460. Armogastes and Saturus, high officers at the palace, suffered in North Africa during the Arian persecution under the Vandal King Genseric. First they were tortured, then sent to hard labour in the mines, finally condemned to slavery as cowherds near Carthage. They were not put to death ‘in case the Romans should venerate them as martyrs’.
+ c 640. A courtier of high standing in the palace of the Austrasian kings, he decided to become a monk at Lérins. His wife became a nun and Arnulf was on the point of going to Lérins when he was made Bishop of Metz (c 616). A few years before his death he finally managed to go and live as a hermit.
Saint Arsenius the Great
+ c 449. Surnamed also ‘the Roman’ and ‘the deacon’, being actually a Roman deacon. He was called by Theodosius the Great to Constantinople to become the tutor of Arcadius and Honorius, the Emperor’s sons (c 383). After ten years in that office (c 393) he abandoned the court and retired to the desert of Skete as a hermit. He remained a hermit for the rest of his life, living in various places in Egypt, always weeping over the feebleness of Arcadius and the foolishness of Honorius. He reposed at the rock of Tröe near Memphis.
+ c 600. One of St Kentigern’s monks in the north of Wales. He is believed to have succeeded St Kentigern as abbot and bishop, leaving his own name to the see now in Clwyd.
Saint Asicus (Ascicus,Tassach)
+ c 490. One of the earliest disciples of St Patrick, who put him at the head of the monastery and diocese of Elphin in Ireland, where he is venerated as patron-saint. He excelled as a coppersmith and some examples of his work still exist.
+ 627. Born in Burgundy in France, he became a monk at Lérins. From there he went to Luxeuil with St Columbanus, whom he followed to Bobbio in the north of Italy, helping him to found the monastery there and succeeding him as abbot (615).
5th cent. Daughter of the Teuton Duke of Friuli. Her conversion to Christianity so enraged her father that he killed her with his own hands.
Saint Augustine of Canterbury
+ c 604. He shares the title of Apostle of the English with St Gregory the Great. A monk at St Andrew’s on the Coelian Hill, he was sent by St Gregory the Great with a group of forty monks to enlighten England. The missionaries landed at Ebbsfleet near Kent in 597. Soon Augustine had converted the King of Kent with thousands of his subjects. Consecrated bishop in ArIes, he set up his see in Canterbury. Trained in the Roman way, he was not successful in his relations with the Celts. He reposed shortly after St Gregory the Great.
Saint Augustine of Hippo
354-430. Born in Tagaste in North Africa, he spent his youth in vice, but under the influence of St Ambrose was baptised. He became priest and then Bishop of Hippo. He devoted himself to defending Orthodoxy, although he had to retract some of his earlier ideas which were incorrect. For this reason the Orthodox Church accords him the title of Blessed.
6th cent. Abbot of Bourges in France and a friend of St Germanus of Paris. He is notable for discovering the relics of St Ursinus, Apostle of that region.
+ 666. A Syrian, she moved to France and became Abbess of St Martial in Paris, where she remained for thirty-three years.
+ c 550. He became Bishop of Arles in France in 546. He founded two monastic houses, one for monks and one for nuns, and drew up for each a rule, based on that of St Caesarius.
630-704. Born near Thérouanne in Artois in the north of France, she was the daughter of St Framechildis and Count Badefrid. She became a nun with St Omer in Abbeville where she became Abbess. She was also blessed as Abbess of Pavilly.
Saint Austregisilus (Aoustrille, Outrille)
551-624. Born in Bourges in France, he preferred the life of a monk at Saint-Nizier in Lyons, where he became abbot. In 612 he was elected Bishop of Bourges.
+ c 669. Bishop of Cambrai-Arras in France, he encouraged monastic life and founded monasteries including that of St Vedast (Saint Vaast) in Arras. Under him Hainault and Flanders became a vast monastic colony.
+ 690. Born in Ireland, he preached in Artois, Hainault and Picardy in the north of France and Belgium. He reposed as a hermit near Laon.
Saint Aventinus of Chartres
+ c 520. Bishop of Chartres in France, he succeeded his brother, St Solemnis.
Saint Aventinus of Troyes
+ c 538. Born in central France, he acted as almoner to St Lupus, Bishop of Troyes, until he left to live as a hermit. The place where he lived is now called Saint-Aventin.
+ 732. Born in Bagnères in the Pyrenees in France, he became a hermit in the valley of Larboush, where the Saracens martyred him.
Saint Avitus of Vienne
+ c 520. Born in Auvergne in France, he was the brother of St Apollinaris, Bishop of Valence. Their father St Isychius, a Roman senator, had also been Bishop of Vienne. Avitus succeeded him. As a bishop he commanded the respect of his flock, both of the pagan Franks and the Arian Burgundians. He converted the Burgundian King, Sigismund. St Avitus was also a fine writer.
Saint Avitus (Avy)
+ c 530. First of all a monk at Menat in Auvergne in France, then Abbot of Micy near Orleans, and finally a hermit in the Perche, where he was forced by his numerous disciples to build and become abbot of a new monastery.
Saint Avitus I of Clermont
+ c 600. Eighteenth Bishop of Clermont in France and contemporary of St Gregory of Tours, whom he ordained deacon.