Megalithic structures and Neanderthals in Naxos island, Greece: an archaeological and anthropological ‘Heaven’

In this article we present rich photographic material from Archaic and Megalithic structures that are found scattered on the island of Naxos. Moreover, we offer to our reader the possibility to discover various interesting information about the archaeological and anthropological findings on the island.

Tsikalario (menhir – Alonakia – Apano Kastro – Necropolis)

 

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For the ceramics of the Necropolishttp://www.arch.uoa.gr/fileadmin/arch.uoa.gr/uploads/metaptyxiakes_spoudes/metadidaktorika/metadidaktoriko-charalambidou.pdf

For the Necropolis and its monuments from the Early Iron Agehttps://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/annual-of-the-british-school-at-athens/article/iron-age-mortuary-practices-and-material-culture-at-the-inland-cemetery-of-tsikalario-on-naxos-differentiation-and-connectivity/7BA4B7D18C11E88EE94243643EB48940

The island’s menhirs

 

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Apeiranthos’ dolmen

 

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Two scientific publications on the Megalithic monuments of the island: a) https://www.academia.edu/24929034/%CE%9C%CE%9F%CE%A5%CE%A4%CE%A3%CE%9F%CE%A0%CE%9F%CE%A5%CE%9B%CE%9F%CE%A3_%CE%9D._%CE%94%CE%97%CE%9C%CE%97%CE%A4%CE%A1%CE%9F%CE%9A%CE%91%CE%9B%CE%9B%CE%97%CE%A3_%CE%93._%CE%9C%CE%B5%CE%B3%CE%B1%CE%BB%CE%B9%CE%B8%CE%B9%CE%BA%CE%AC_%CE%BC%CE%BD%CE%B7%CE%BC%CE%B5%CE%AF%CE%B1_%CF%83%CF%84%CE%B7_%CE%9D%CE%AC%CE%BE%CE%BF

b) https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/BalkanStudies/article/viewFile/1411/1433

The Kouroi (Melanes, Flerio, Apollonas)

 

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Galanado’s ancient walls

ΓΑΛΑΝΑΔΟ ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΑ ΟΡΕΙΝΟΣ ΑΞΩΤΗΣ (1)ΓΑΛΑΝΑΔΟ ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΑ ΟΡΕΙΝΟΣ ΑΞΩΤΗΣ (2)

Komiaki

Komiaki is inhabited since the prehistoric times. A great number of tombs estimated to  be from the Proto-Cycladic era (3,500 B.C.) has been found there.

ΟΡΕΙΝΟΣ ΑΞΩΤΗΣ ΚΩΜΙΑΚΗ

Kalogeros

On the road from ‘Mesi’ village to ‘Apollonas’ there stands ‘Kalogeros’, a relatively low but steep mountain. On its top there is a plateau where one can see ancient and byzantine castle structures. In fact, very few things are known about this castle. It is located in a steep and inaccessible location at an altitude of 360 meters. All sides of the castle are surrounded by walls, except the eastern side overlooking the sea, which is rocky, inaccessible and dangerous.

 

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About Naxos during the Bronze Agehttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/1468-0092.00055

About the Archaeological Museum of Naxoshttp://odysseus.culture.gr/h/1/eh151.jsp?obj_id=3302

About the archeologically very important worshipping place of Yria (1500-1400 B.C.) : http://odysseus.culture.gr/h/3/gh352.jsp?obj_id=2614

About the ‘Prehistoric’ (Neolithic Age) era of the island and a general Historical overviewhttps://www.academia.edu/5772627/%CE%97_%CE%9D%CE%AC%CE%BE%CE%BF%CF%82_%CF%83%CF%84%CE%B1_%CF%80%CF%81%CE%BF%CF%8A%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%B9%CE%BA%CE%AC_%CF%87%CF%81%CF%8C%CE%BD%CE%B9%CE%B1

About the excavations in Stelida and the presence of Humans on the island already since, at least, 270,000 years before our time: a) https://www.archaiologia.gr/blog/2018/05/21/%CE%BD%CE%B5%CE%AC%CE%BD%CF%84%CE%B5%CF%81%CF%84%CE%B1%CE%BB-%CF%83%CF%84%CE%B7-%CE%BD%CE%AC%CE%BE%CE%BF-%CE%BD%CE%AD%CE%B5%CF%82-%CE%AD%CF%81%CE%B5%CF%85%CE%BD%CE%B5%CF%82-%CF%83%CF%87%CE%B5/

b) https://www.stelida.org/greek

About the most recent Underwater Archaeological Research on the island (from where the following photos come)https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/06/underwater-archaeological-research.html#Bczj9CemWwX73B5E.97

Naxos_05Naxos_07

About the Mycenean findings: we refer to the study “Naxos and the Creto-Mycenean Aegean”, by Michael Cosmopoulos*.

*See here for more information https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Cosmopoulos

NovoScriptorium: It is striking that the Megalithic monuments of one more region in Greece have not been adequately studied, almost as if they don’t exist or lack scientific interest. There is not even one publication or reference about a formal, proper dating of the monuments with the usage of modern technology -as usual, there are only ‘estimates’. Other general conclusions: a) the island has been inhabited non-stop at least for the last 300,000 years. b) The remnants from the historical times expose an unbroken continuity of the same, autochthonous, civilization in its various stages of progress. c) from the data we know so far, the Naxos’ case seems to show that many archaeological and anthropological ‘theories’ about the greek territory are wrong or, at least, need revisions. We truly hope that at some point in the near future we will eventually learn about proper study and dating of all the monuments and proper study of the parameters that go with them.

Research-Selection-Translation: Philaretus Homerides

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