The Late Bronze Age Collapse and the ‘Greek Dark Ages’ have economic, military, and climatic explanations

At the end of the Late Bronze Age (LBA) most Eastern Mediterranean urban centers were either destroyed or abandoned throughout the Near East and Aegean. Continue reading “The Late Bronze Age Collapse and the ‘Greek Dark Ages’ have economic, military, and climatic explanations”

The cultural significance of earthquakes in Greek antiquity – An association between active faults and ancient places

Throughout human history in the eastern Mediterranean region, urban settlements have co-existed with earthquakes. The destructive capability of seismic activity is well chronicled by historians, and its cultural wreckage widely uncovered by archaeologists. Continue reading “The cultural significance of earthquakes in Greek antiquity – An association between active faults and ancient places”

The spread of Egyptian cults across the early Hellenistic Aegean Sea

During the reign of the first six kings of the Ptolemaic dynasty, which is the period between the end of the 4th century BCE and the middle of the 2nd century BCE, Egyptian cults spread successfully from Egypt, particularly from Alexandria, to ports in the ancient Mediterranean. These cults were formed almost exclusively around the divine couple of Isis and Sarapis. Continue reading “The spread of Egyptian cults across the early Hellenistic Aegean Sea”

Bronze Age settlement of Scoglio del Tonno, Apulia, Italy; maritime routes connecting the eastern and central Mediterranean

Scoglio del Tonno is presently part of the urban area of Taranto (Apulia) and is among the most important sites of Bronze Age southern Italy. The period of interest examined here is the local Late Bronze Age (LBA), i.e., the Recent Bronze Age (RBA), ca. 1350-1200 BC, and possibly the earliest part of the Final Bronze Age (FBA), ca. 1200-1000 BC. Continue reading “Bronze Age settlement of Scoglio del Tonno, Apulia, Italy; maritime routes connecting the eastern and central Mediterranean”

Relations between the Aegean and Central Mediterranean during the Bronze Age

The discussion of inter-Mediterranean exchanges between the Late Bronze Age and the Early Iron Age is resumed here, seeking to focus upon the period following the great transformations which took place in the Aegean and the Near East around the year 1200 BC, and prior to the first voyages of the Phoenicians and the Euboeans into the central Mediterranean. Continue reading “Relations between the Aegean and Central Mediterranean during the Bronze Age”

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