Raising an army in Post-Roman Europe – The 7th century Germany & Scandinavia

From the early seventh century the sources available to us are more numerous and more evenly distributed across the west. By this period, the ‘ethnic’ armies descended from the late Roman field armies had evolved into armies raised from classes of landowners. This evolution continued through the seventh century. Continue reading “Raising an army in Post-Roman Europe – The 7th century Germany & Scandinavia”

Raising an army in Post-Roman Europe – The seventh century Lombard Italy

From the early seventh century the sources available to us are more numerous and more evenly distributed across the west. By this period, the ‘ethnic’ armies descended from the late Roman field armies had evolved into armies raised from classes of landowners. This evolution continued through the seventh century. Continue reading “Raising an army in Post-Roman Europe – The seventh century Lombard Italy”

Obsidian findings distribution may imply sociocultural boundaries during the Late Neolithic on the Great Hungarian Plain

Chipped stone tool analysis is an essential aspect of prehistoric archaeological research throughout Europe, especially in regard to reconstructing developments in technology, dietary and subsistence practices, and socio-economic systems of exchange. Continue reading “Obsidian findings distribution may imply sociocultural boundaries during the Late Neolithic on the Great Hungarian Plain”

Raising an army in Post-Roman Europe – The seventh century Visigothic Spain

From the early seventh century the sources available to us are more numerous and more evenly distributed across the west. By this period, the ‘ethnic’ armies descended from the late Roman field armies had evolved into armies raised from classes of landowners. This evolution continued through the seventh century. Continue reading “Raising an army in Post-Roman Europe – The seventh century Visigothic Spain”

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