Aurignacian Humans enjoyed Music; Upper Palaeolithic flutes found in Germany

Excavations in the summer of 2008 at the sites of Hohle Fels and Vogelherd in Germany produced new evidence for Palaeolithic music in the form of the remains of one nearly complete bone flute and isolated small fragments of three ivory flutes. Continue reading “Aurignacian Humans enjoyed Music; Upper Palaeolithic flutes found in Germany”

Raising an army in Post-Roman Europe – The 7th century Germany & Scandinavia

From the early seventh century the sources available to us are more numerous and more evenly distributed across the west. By this period, the ‘ethnic’ armies descended from the late Roman field armies had evolved into armies raised from classes of landowners. This evolution continued through the seventh century. Continue reading “Raising an army in Post-Roman Europe – The 7th century Germany & Scandinavia”

Raising an army in Post-Roman Europe – The seventh century Lombard Italy

From the early seventh century the sources available to us are more numerous and more evenly distributed across the west. By this period, the ‘ethnic’ armies descended from the late Roman field armies had evolved into armies raised from classes of landowners. This evolution continued through the seventh century. Continue reading “Raising an army in Post-Roman Europe – The seventh century Lombard Italy”

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