Europeans: there has been no long-term genome-wide removal of Neandertal DNA

A team of researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (Martin Petr, Svante Pääbo, Janet Kelso, and Benjamin Vernot) has found evidence that suggests there has been no long-term removal of Neanderthal DNA from modern Europeans. Here we present a small part of their paper titled “Limits of long-term selection against Neandertal introgression“. Continue reading “Europeans: there has been no long-term genome-wide removal of Neandertal DNA”

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Amber Trade in Prehistoric Europe – From the Baltic to the Mediterranean

The archaeological artefacts that we study form only a minor fraction of the objects that were in circulation in prehistoric times. In the case of amber, however, there is an exceptional degree of underestimation. Amber is soft, fragile, inflammable and weathers easily. All this taken together makes the single amber artifacts that we find, in fact, representative of much larger quantities that were in use by a community under investigation. Continue reading “Amber Trade in Prehistoric Europe – From the Baltic to the Mediterranean”

Post-Roman Europe: The barbarian kingdoms

The barbarian states which arose on the ruins of the Western Empire were founded under widely different circumstances of time and place, by tribes and federations of tribes drawn from every part of Germany. We expect to find, and we do find, infinite varieties of detail in their laws, their social distinctions, their methods of government. But from a broader point of view they may be grouped in two classes, not according to affinities of race, but according to their relations with the social order which they had invaded. Continue reading “Post-Roman Europe: The barbarian kingdoms”

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