The Azilian Epipaleolithic Industry of Spain and France

In this post we present information, sourced from official publications, on the Azilian archaeological industry of the Epipaleolithic period of northern Spain and southern France. Continue reading “The Azilian Epipaleolithic Industry of Spain and France”

Τhe state of matters in Spain on the time of Hannibal’s arrival to Italy

During this time Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio, who, as I said, had been left by his brother Publius in command of the naval forces, sailing from the mouths of the Rhone with his whole fleet to the place in Spain called Emporium, and starting from there made a series of landings, reducing by siege the towns on the coast as far as the Ebro, which refused his advances, but bestowing favours on those which accepted them and taking all possible precautions for their safety. Continue reading “Τhe state of matters in Spain on the time of Hannibal’s arrival to Italy”

Raising an army in Post-Roman Europe – The seventh century Visigothic Spain

From the early seventh century the sources available to us are more numerous and more evenly distributed across the west. By this period, the ‘ethnic’ armies descended from the late Roman field armies had evolved into armies raised from classes of landowners. This evolution continued through the seventh century. Continue reading “Raising an army in Post-Roman Europe – The seventh century Visigothic Spain”

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