The Trinity of the Divine Being formulated by Homer!

In this post we show that Homer knew and preached about the Trinity of the Divine Being. Our approach is based on the analytical method of the ancient Greek Philosophers – and not on some arbitrary method of ours, as some may assume.


In Homer’s Iliad, Rhapsody D, Verse 288, we meet a ‘stereotype’ (We call it this way as it is repeated in this same way several times in his writings) prayer-invocation of several homeric heroes:

Ζευ τε πάτερ και Αθηναίη και Άπολλον

This, initially, translates to:

‘Zeus father and Athena and Apollo’

As we see, three names are listed. We believe that this is indicative of the Trinity of the (Divine) Being, an invocation to the Actual/True Being, and we document it as follows:

Ζευς/Zeus = Ζευγνίων (from the verb ‘ζευγνίω’ which means ‘I unify, I connect’), the one who unites/connects (obviously, the Whole -‘Παν’ in ancient Greek), but also the one who gives/provides Life (ο Ζευς, του Ζηνός, τον Ζήνα, ω Ζευ), (this explanation is directly taken from an ancient Orphic text and it is not ours at all), the one who has the ‘paternal’ quality/nature, ‘father of gods and men‘ as Homer refers to him elsewhere.

Αθηνά/Athena = from the adjective ‘αθανής’ which means the one who doesn’t die, the immortal, the eternal. The idol/image of Athena is very well known as representing Wisdom. Therefore, we derive that the Being is Eternal and Wise.

Άπολος/Apolos = (please be careful here: the text writes ‘Άπολλον’ and not ‘Απόλλων’!). The word ‘Άπολος’ means the one who doesn’t have a pole, polarity. I.e. the one who is not restricted in one place or direction, on the contrary, the one who is everywhere.

So, what we have here is a clear revelation of Idioms of the Divine Being; of God: Unifier, Life giver, Eternal, Wise, Omnipresent and Father. And, of course, Trinity, because Homer does not use anything in random fashion in his work. He would never use three names corresponding exactly to the meanings we just saw, additionally putting this specific prayer in the mouths of his heroes as a ‘stereotype’, unless he wanted to indicate something alike.

Research-Analysis for NovoScriptorium: Isidoros Aggelos

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