Prudence and will for Good as an indispensable coherence component of Family and the State – Homer

In this article we present and analyze an excerpt from Homer with great moral value. 


Homer’s Iliad, Rhapsody 7, Verses 160-162

Ancient Greek: “τώ δέ γυνή Προίτου επεμήνατο, δί’ Άντεια, κρυπταδίη φιλότητι μιγήμεναι. Αλλά τόν ού τι πείθ’ αγαθά φρονέοντα, δαϊφρονα Βελλεροφόντην”

In English: “with him, the brave Vellerofontes, Preotus’ wife got mad, the godlike Antea, and secretly with love (with him) wanted to mate. but she couldn’t convince him because he had good/virtuous thinking (or else, ‘because he was prudent’)”

Analysis: He who has good/virtuous thinking (or he who is prudent) does not commit adultery. Based on this ascertainment we can understand the deeper cause of this phenomenon, especially in our times (a quick look at last decades’ statistics will convince anyone). It is hence proven that people of today think much less in the direction of good/virtuous than they should. The results are catastrophic at all levels, with first and main the dissolution of Family; and as they are utterly connected, this gradually leads to the dissolution of the State-Society, too. We realize how important is for man to think in the direction of good/virtuous. All the philosophical effort of the Greeks was exactly at this direction. Additionally, the political systems they proposed or attempted to apply were exactly in the direction of moulding the characters of as many people as possible in this direction. It has to be noted that ‘good/virtuous thinking’ (or ‘prudence’) without pious life stance is for Homer and the Philosophers simply inconceivable/unthinkable. The abandonment of religiousness -from the majority of modern people- as an integral part of everyday life gives a first and distinct/clear indication when wondering about the ‘nuclear’ cause of modern decadence; because without God, everything is ‘allowed’, without any shame or hesitation.

Isidoros Aggelos


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