Here we present the ‘Abstract‘ of the corresponding paper by Fronimopoulos J, Lascaratos J.
After a short introduction to the Homeric Epics, the name of Homer and the time and place where the poems were written, the authors refer to the terms of the eyes and to the verses where they are found. Among these terms, the most important is the term omicron phi theta alpha lambda mu omicron sigma, the first term for the eye in ophthalmology, which has remained throughout the years unchanged. Finally, they refer to the injuries of the eyes, the participation of the two sons of Asclepios in the Trojan campaign and to the verses including the classical paragraph ‘… a doctor is more capable than the other men …’ Both Epics relating to the cardinal human values: prudence, temperance, fortitude and justice, contain the lofty ideal of human excellence, called by the Greeks alpha rho epsilon tau eta.
(Link for the paper: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2209362)