In this article we present the Neolithic Age finds from the Prefecture of Evros, Thrace, Greece.
“After the settlement of Monasterake, right to the road that is leading from Alexandrpoupolis to Feres and on the road that is leading to the Evros delta at the location that is known under the name Saragia rises a rocky outcrop, which is supervising the flat area around the delta. Here is the place where the ancient city of Doriskos is located (…) The hill of Doriskos is presenting habitation since the Neolithic until the Hellenistic ages”
“During the 1950s, Gregory Efthymiou researches the surface in the Doriskos area and discovers tumuli and shells of various periods. He was the first to highlight the archaeological significance of the site and delivers plenty of observations and publications to newspapers and magazines.
George Bakalakis’s researches in the early 1960s confirmed Efthymiou’s remarks about the importance of the site on the hill “Saraya”, east of the modern village of Doriskos and south of Feres, which led to the safe identification of the place with the ancient Doriskos. The systematic archaeological excavations brought to light a number of finds dating from Prehistoric to Late Hellenistic Times, a fact which reveals that the Doriskos hill presents continuous and permanent settlement”
Makri (Cyclops cave) – Alexandroupoli
The first habitation of the site dates from the Neolithic period (5000 B.C.) and is attested in the area of the cave. The accumulated debris of the successive clay buildings of the prehistoric periods, gradually created a low mound (Toumba) (…) The site was discovered during the First World War. George Bakalakis was the first archaeologist to visit the place and he identified it as the ancient city of Zone and cape Serreion. Excavations on the site were first carried out in 1988 by the 19th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities and are still in progress. The Neolithic settlement which has come to light is one of the most important in the Balkans. The excavation results also prooved that the ancient settlement was simply a trading post and not the city of Zone, while cape Serreion can now be securely placed at the end of Ismaros.
The most important monuments on the site are:
• Neolithic settlement.
It consisted of post-hole structures of which the floors, pise walls, ovens, hearths etc. are preserved”
“South of the village of Makri and west from the coast of Alexandroupolis, a toumba was found at a short distance from the sea, near modern Platanos, on a natural rocky outcrop of approximately 400 m. Its northern side is smooth, but the south is quite steep. On the precipitous beach, which is at the same time the southern boundary of the toumba, a cave and carved structures (niches and stairs) were found. The cave, which consists of two levels and three chambers, is called by the locals Cave of Cyclops Polyphemos and seems to have been inhabited in prehistoric times (…) The carved structures (niches, rooms, grooves, tanks, stairs, etc.) to the east of the cave are difficult to date, but they bear witness to a timeless exploitation of the rocks of the area. Above the cave is the Neolithic settlement of Makri (5th millennium BC), which extends in a long distance from the center of the toumba and is considered the most important of Western Thrace and of the Balkans. In the same area traces of habitation of the Paleolithic era, of the Bronze Age and the Iron Age, and also of the historical times, have been identified. (…) Archaeological finds and mainly pottery reveal a permanent and continuous settlement in the area of Makri from the Paleolithic era, the Bronze Age and the Iron Age, as well as the historical times. The shells of the Iron Age from the archaeological site of Makri are similar to the pottery of Mesimvria and Petrota. The area seems to have been inhabited by a small farming community, possibly with some central community power, which, according to the findings, was occupied mainly with agriculture and livestock farming, trade, pottery, stone-carving, weaving and basketware, the exploitation of raw materials (chert) and secondary processing of products (dairy, agricultural, weaving). Characteristic is the central area of the settlement, where amphoras depositors were found on a clay platform. The existence of these vessels testifies to potential trade and economic activities.
In the archaeological site, in the central sector of the excavation private houses with rectangular shape were found, and constructions (hobs, ovens, pits) inside them, and multiple floors, indicating, perhaps, successive uses and reconstructions. They were pile-dwellings with stacked clay, while the use of timber as building and supportive material for these architectural constructions is obvious. Under the floor of a house storage vases and three neolithic burials in close proximity to each other were found. The revelation of the three tombs was considered an important fact because it is the first time that Neolithic burials are located in the area of Macedonia and Thrace.
Characteristic is the fortification (?) enclosure, BA-SW direction, which is in the form of a wall made of irregular stones with a thickness at some points above 2m.”
For the area of Makri we also found a scientific publication, of which we list the link for the interested reader:
“Close to Rizia, two layers were found, one of the Middle Palaeolithic with blades-flakes and one of the newer Palaeolithic with blades. Possible Mesolithic finds from Keramos. Early Iron Age Settlement”
“NE of the Rizia village and to the south of the Ardas River, at the site of Agios Nikolaos, pieces of chert, worked by human hands, were accidentally found. The deeper layers produced large and flaky (Flakes) pieces, reminiscent of the Middle Paleolithic era, while those found in the newer layers are closer to Blades, reminiscent of the types of the newer Palaeolithic Age”
We didn’t manage to find any photographs or video’s of the above finds, apart from the two photographs from the Cyclops cave in Makri.
Research-Translation: Philaretus Homerides