Roman Emperor Heraclius: a medieval “Alexander the Great”

Heraclius, a very gifted and active emperor, seemed practically a model ruler after the tyrannical Phocas. Continue reading “Roman Emperor Heraclius: a medieval “Alexander the Great””

Byzantium, Persia and China: Interstate relations on the eve of the Islamic conquest

By Samuel Lieu

The destruction of the Hephthalite Empire in Transoxiana by the combined forces of the Shahanshah Khusrau Anushirvan and the Western Turks in the sixth century (c. A.D. 557) was an event of great significance to the history of China’s trade and diplomatic contacts with the western empires of Iran and Byzantium. Continue reading “Byzantium, Persia and China: Interstate relations on the eve of the Islamic conquest”

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